Decarboxylation is the magic that makes edibles well... edible. Despite its growing popularity, the public still has lots to learn about edibles. When you heat the herb, you help activate the compounds contained within it. Let's learn about how decarboxylation!
Properly Calibrating Your Oven with the DecarBox
Attach the probe to your thermometer. You should feel two clicks when connected. Place the probe inside your oven, hanging through the middle of the rack. Make sure the metal probe doesn't touch the metal of the rack as this will skew the reading. Shut the oven, then attach the magnetic thermometer your oven door.
Preheat the oven to whatever temperature will activate your desired compound (see chart below for help).
Once the oven signals that it has finished preheating, take a temperature reading. This will tell you if the oven actually reached the desired temperature you had set.
If the actual temperature reading on the thermometer differs from your oven setting, then raise or lower the setting by that amount to compensate when decarbing.
For example, if your setting is 250°F but the thermometer reads 270°F, then your oven runs hot. You would then compensate by lowering your setting 20 degrees, to 230°F, thus making the actual temperature 250°F.
NOTE: Guide is for T-C, see chart below for other c-nnabinoid temperatures.
Preheat oven to 250°F. Wait until oven is fully preheated before proceeding. Do NOT exceed recommended temperature.
If using flowers or buds, break up into smaller pieces with your hands to ensure even heating. Add it to your DecarBox. For other forms of "herb", place directly inside the DecarBox or oven safe baking dish.
TIP: Place the probe in the top of the DecarBox to monitor the temperature as it decarboxylates and get precise measurements.
Bake for 30 minutes on center oven rack.
When time is up, remove the DecarBox from oven. Let it cool for about 10 minutes. This step is believed to help preserve certain beneficial phytonutrients. Your sample is now ready for any cycle in your MagicalButter botanical extractor.
While 250°F/121°C is the optimal temperature to activate T-C, slightly higher temperatures (along with longer cook times) are effective at activating other beneficial c-nnabinoids like C-D and C-N, should you choose to highlight them instead. Please note that while higher temperatures/times help activate C-D and then C-N, each higher temp/time can also diminish the effect of a previously activated c-nnabinoid.
C-NNABINOID ACTIVATION CHART
T-C:- Decarb at 250°F (121°C) for 30-45 minutes
C-D: Decarb at 280°F (140°C) for 60-90 minutes
C-N: Decarb at 320°F (160°C) for 90-120 minutes
If you do not have a DecarBox, use an oven roasting bag or on a rimmed baking sheet. Make sure the pan is the correct size so there is not an empty space on the pan. Bake for 30 to 40 minutes, stirring every 10 minutes so that it toasts evenly. When the flower is darker in color—a light to medium brown—and has dried out, remove the bag or baking sheet and allow the herb to cool. It should be quite crumbly when handled.
NOTE: Your oven may not be a precision appliance; this is normal. Most ovens operate on an approximation, average, or range of values for any given temperature. Therefore, calibrating your oven is essential to accurate decarbing and baking. Do NOT skip this vital step, or your sample could be destroyed.